Elizabeth II kunye nabo bonke abanye. Ngubani ovela kwimikhosi yaseYurophu eneengcambu kumazwe aseBelarusian

Izizukulwana zikaSophia Minsk, uSophia Golshanska noLudwika Carolina Radziwill babusa amazwe amaninzi emhlabeni jikelele. Phakathi kwazo zonke iintlanga zamaYurophu zanamhlanje.

Okwangempela 19.07.2017.

UMargarita Wokuqala - uMkadzikazi waseDenmark, eSweden naseNorway

Ntombi Nozipho Valadaravna Ming prince yaba unina ookumkani ababini Danish kunye neekumkanikazi waseFransi naseSweden. Illustration Sergey Horevskogo
Ntombi Nozipho Volodarevna Ming prince yaba unina ookumkani ababini Danish kunye neekumkanikazi waseFransi naseSweden. Illustration Sergey Horevskogo

Izikhulu zeMinsk nePoltsk Nkosi Glebovich - umzukulu kaVseslav iWizard kunye nonyana kaRurik. Kwi-1135, watshata Rykisay Boleslavovna. Wayevela kwiPiast - yokuqala yokuqala yasePoland kunye nobukhosi bobukhosi.

Intombi yoMlobi kunye noRikisy Sophia wayetshata kuKumkani waseDenmark Waldemar waza waba ngumama weenkokheli zamazwe amaninzi aseYurophu.

UKumkani waseDenmark Knud we-Fourth kunye nenkosikazi yaseFransi Ingeborgi kwakungekho nabantwana. Elide kunamandla kwakuyinzala kaKumkani waseDenmark Waldemar II kunye no-Queen of Sweden Ricky.

Oonyana abathathu baseValdemar babusa iDenmark. Emva kwezizukulwana ezininzi kulo mgca wazalwa Margarita. Ngaloo nto, iDenmark, iSweden neNorway ngokuqinisekileyo zihlangene kwelinye ilizwe. Ngonyaka we-1397 kwinqaba yaseKalmar, amaScandinaviya asayina imanyano, ebizwa ngokuba yi-Kalmarska - umanyano womanyano wezopolitiko.

Ngenxa yokufa kwangaphambili kwonyana kaMargarita Olaf Inzala kaSophia Minsk ayizange ilawulwe apho.

KuOlaf waphela omnye umgca wenzalokazi yelizwe lethu - ngentombi yakhe uRickisu. Kulo mgca kwakukho ookumkani abayishumi baseSweden kunye nabaninzi - eNorway. Omnye wabo, Zomthetho, kwaye watshata kunye Margarito.

Ookumkani baseBavaria kunye nabalawuli bama-Austria

Ubukumkani baseBavaria bukhona kunye ne-1806 ngonyaka we-1918. Bonke ookumkani basekuhlaleni badibene nelizwe lethu ngeRadziwills, kuba babe negazi lelo hlobo.

UJanusz Radziwill Wazalelwa kwintsapho yaseVilnius ye-hetman Krishtof Nicholas Perun, wafunda eStrasbourg naseBasel. Okokuqala watshata Sofya Olelkovic-Slutskaya, umtshakazi ocebileyo we-Grand Duchy waseLithuania, kwaye emva kokufa kwakhe-ngeJamani Elizaveta Sophia Hagenzolern. Kwi-1618, wathenga indawo yaseLichtenberg phakathi kweDresden neMunich.

Wakhe unyana Boguslav wafunda eGroningen, eUtrecht naseParis. E Belarus, okulufaneleyo iziza ezimbini ubuncinane - e Zhodino, lusekelwe, kwaye Slutsk, apho abaninzi: ndafumana yaseMagdeburg, walungiselela iinqaba ezintsha, bahlanganisana apha ukuze ilayibrari archive.

Liudija Carolina - intombi kaBohuslav kunye Anna Maria Radziwill - kwiminyaka emibini waba yinkedama waza wakhulela eBerlin. Yayixhasa ukuqeqeshwa kwabafundi abaphumelele kwi-Gymnasium yeSlutsk Calvinist kwiiyunivesithi ezingcono kakhulu eYurophu, kuquka i-Oxford neFrankfurt. Phakathi kwenzalo yakhe ininzi yamakhosi.

Omnye wabazukulu bakaKumkani waseBavaria Maximilian Yokuqala Franc Iosif waba ngukumkani waseAustria. Eli lizwe wabusa iminyaka eyi-68. Kwaye okwesibini, naye Maximilian - waba ngumlawuli wokugqibela waseMexico. Ngenxa yesimemo sakhe, malunga nezigidi ezi-6 zaseMexico eziphuma kwintetho yesithoba.

Phakathi kwenzalo yookumkani wasekuqaleni waseBavaria kunye nazo zonke ezinye iinkokeli zolu rhulumente - zonke zaziyimithandathu. Kumkani wokugqibela, ULudwig weThathu, ukunyanzelwa kwamandla ngexesha leNguqulelo kaNovemba ye-1918. Uluntu luqhubeka Луітпольд Баварский Unyaka we-1951 wokuzalwa, umphathi jikelele we-brewery UKumkani uLudwig Schlossbrauerei.

ukulayisha ...

Chopin idlala e Berlin Palace, intsapho Radziwill. Illustration Henry Syamiradkaga
I-Chopin idlala kwindlu yaseRadziwill eBerlin. Umfanekiso kaHenry Sjamiradzkag

Omnye ummeli weRadziwills unokuba ilungu lentsapho yamantloko. Eliza Frederica Radzivill - intombi UAnthony Heinrich Radziwill kunye nomntakwabo wokumkani ULouise - waba ngumtshakazi womlawuli womanyano waseJalimane uWilhelm, kodwa wafa ekuqaleni kwesifo sofuba. Umzukulu wabo UAnton Wilhelm waba ilungu lobomi bendlu ephezulu yepalamente yaseJamani.

В kwiNdlu yaseBerlin yeRadziwills goscyvali Chopin, Humboldt, Shinkel, Mendelson, Bethoven kunye namanye amanqaku ahloniphekileyo ngexesha. Kamva esi sakhiwo saba yinto ebaluleke kakhulu kweli lizwe malunga nekhulu leminyaka, kwaye iRadziwills kuyo yatshintshwa nguBismarck, uHindenburg, uHitler.

Emva kweMfazwe Yehlabathi yesiBili, iindlu zezindlu zephaneli zokuhlala zakhiwe endaweni yayo.

Zonke iinkosana ezisebenzayo

Ngoku ii-10 amazwe aseYurophu anama-monarch awo, awamkela amandla kwilifa. Oku

  • EBelgium,
  • Great Britain,
  • ESpain,
  • Denmark,
  • Liechtenstein,
  • Luxembourg,
  • Monaco,
  • ENorway,
  • BaseNetherlands,
  • ESweden.

Bonke oomlawuli abalawulayo ngoku kula mazwe banabo ookhokho babo Sofya Golshanska kunye nomyeni wakhe Jagiello.

UNyana kaSophia noJagiello Vladislav ilawula iPoland neHungary, kwaye Casimir - IPoland kunye neGrush Duchy yaseLithuania. Kwakukho abantwana abalishumi elinesithathu eKazmiera.

Imigca ye-monarchic edeleyo yayinguKumkani waseCzech Republic naseHungary Vladislav и Anna Jagiellonka.

Phakathi kwenzalo yaseVladislav - Maria Medici, ULisithathu wesithathu й ULouis weshumi elinesine bevela eFransi, abaphathi abaningana boBukumkani bamaRoma baseRoma, ookumkani basePortugal, eSpeyin, ababusi baseBrazil.

U-Anna Jagiellonka wazala Sophia Pamyaranskuyu - uKumkani waseDenmark noNorway.

Umzukulu wakhe Yesine umKristu Ulawulo lweDenmark ye-59 iminyaka - irekhodi kwimbali yelizwe.

Sweetheart Anna Danish - prashchurka

  • UFilipu weSithandathu, ukumkani waseSpain wanamhlanje;
  • Villema Aleksandra, uKumkani waseNetherlands wamanje;
  • Elizabethe okwesibini, U-Queen of Great Britain.

Sweetheart Agasti yesiDanish - prashchurka

  • Okwesibini uMargaret, ukumkanikazi wanamhlanje waseDenmark,
  • umbusi wokugqibela waseRashiya UNicholas II,
  • umbusi wokugqibela waseGrisi IConstantine yesibini.

Omnye umzukulwana UElizabhete waseDenmark - prashchurka Johanna Friso, INkosana yase-Orange.

Igazi lakhe lizo zonke iindawo zanamhlanje.

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