More than 230,000 EU citizens have ‘applied to live and work in UK after deadline passed in June’

More than 230,000 EU citizens applied to live and work in the UK after the deadline passed in June, new figures suggest.

EU citizens and their families were asked to apply by June 30 in order to carry on living and working in the UK after freedom of movement ended following the Brexit transition period.

A total 236,840 applications were received after the deadline and up to the end of October, according to provisional Home Office figures.

Since the scheme launched in March 2019, more than six million applications (6,287,700) have been submitted.

More than three million (3,068,700) of those were granted settled status, allowing them permanent leave to remain.

The figures follow an Oxford University researcher saying the number of EU citizens in Britain could be 400,000 higher than the Office for National Statistics figure.

A total 236,840 applications were received after the June 30 deadline and up to the end of October, according to provisional Home Office figures (file photo)

A total 236,840 applications were received after the June 30 deadline and up to the end of October, according to provisional Home Office figures (file photo)

A total 236,840 applications were received after the June 30 deadline and up to the end of October, according to provisional Home Office figures (file photo)

A further 2.4million (2,460,900) have been permitted pre-settled status, meaning they need to reapply after living in the country for five years to gain permanent residence.

The Home Office said eight per cent of the applications were from ‘repeat applicants’, suggesting an estimated 5.5million people had applied to the scheme before the deadline.

Some 180,500 applications were refused, 103,900 were withdrawn or void, and 94,000 were deemed invalid – where the Home Office decides someone is not eligible to apply or has failed to provide sufficient proof of residence.

The applications received after June 30 will include a mix of late submissions, those from family members, and requests to move from pre-settled to settled status, the Government department said.

It is not known how many people in the UK are eligible for the scheme but could remain in the country undocumented.

Anyone who is yet to apply effectively lost their lawful immigration status after the deadline. This could prevent them getting a new job or moving house until their status is confirmed. 

The Home Office said eight per cent of the applications were from 'repeat applicants', suggesting an estimated 5.5million people had applied to the scheme before the deadline

The Home Office said eight per cent of the applications were from 'repeat applicants', suggesting an estimated 5.5million people had applied to the scheme before the deadline

The Home Office said eight per cent of the applications were from ‘repeat applicants’, suggesting an estimated 5.5million people had applied to the scheme before the deadline

There are limited reasonable grounds for submitting late applications, including where parents, guardians or councils have failed to apply on behalf of a child; those with serious medical conditions preventing them from applying in time; or ‘compelling or compassionate reasons’ in light of the coronavirus pandemic.

The Government said there is no cut-off point for submitting late applications and insisted that those who applied by the deadline but have yet to receive a decision will have their existing rights protected, subject to the outcome of the application and any appeal.

But those who do not apply and continue to live in the UK without being able to prove their immigration status have been warned they could face enforcement action. 

Meanwhile, ONS figures found there were an estimated 3.6million European migrants in the UK in 2019, but new research from demographer Francesco Rampazzo suggests the real figure was more likely to be around 4million.

His study questions the Government’s methods of recording EU migration and compares their estimates to the total suggested by his analysis of Facebook‘s advertising platform, the Labour Force Survey and country-specific information on unemployment and economic output.   

The Facebook advertising data is in blue, the Labour Force Survey data is in yellow, the settled status application data is in red, and the model estimates are in green. The graphic shows that the model estimates are higher than the  official LFS estimates

The Facebook advertising data is in blue, the Labour Force Survey data is in yellow, the settled status application data is in red, and the model estimates are in green. The graphic shows that the model estimates are higher than the  official LFS estimates

The Facebook advertising data is in blue, the Labour Force Survey data is in yellow, the settled status application data is in red, and the model estimates are in green. The graphic shows that the model estimates are higher than the  official LFS estimates

This graphic shows variables from three of the researchers' data sources in thousands. These are the migrant variable and language variable from Facebook's advertising platform, and estimates of migrant stocks by country of birth from the Labour Force Survey

This graphic shows variables from three of the researchers' data sources in thousands. These are the migrant variable and language variable from Facebook's advertising platform, and estimates of migrant stocks by country of birth from the Labour Force Survey

This graphic shows variables from three of the researchers’ data sources in thousands. These are the migrant variable and language variable from Facebook’s advertising platform, and estimates of migrant stocks by country of birth from the Labour Force Survey

Mr Rampazzo shared this graphic, showing how his research team had repurposed the 'Integrated Model of European Migration' theorised at the UK-based Centre for Population Change to combine traditional data and digital traces

Mr Rampazzo shared this graphic, showing how his research team had repurposed the 'Integrated Model of European Migration' theorised at the UK-based Centre for Population Change to combine traditional data and digital traces

Mr Rampazzo shared this graphic, showing how his research team had repurposed the ‘Integrated Model of European Migration’ theorised at the UK-based Centre for Population Change to combine traditional data and digital traces

The study, which also involved a team from the University of Southampton and was published in the journal Demography, added that in 2018 there were likely to have been 25 per cent more than ONS figures suggested. 

Speaking about his research, Mr Rampazzo said: ‘In 2019, on ONS figures there were an estimated 3.6million European migrants in the UK. But this research suggests the real figure was more likely to be around 4million.

‘Calculating migration is always going to be complicated. But the reason for the underestimate is the lack of quality of the official migration data. What is striking is our study reveals the underestimate is big.

‘This is important because decision-makers require accurate evidence-based information to produce effective policies that affect people’s lives.’

He added: ‘Knowing the number of migrants in a region is important for planning….for example for schools and transport. 

‘The Covid-19 pandemic has demonstrated the importance of knowing the number of residents in the UK for producing reliable estimates of vaccinated people.’

Link hienalouca.com

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