Buckingham Palace decided he would one day succeed his father as Duke of Edinburgh following his wedding to Sophie Rhys-Jones in 1999, when the couple were given the titles the Earl and
In keeping with the Letters Patent issued when George VI gave Philip the title in 1947, the Prince of Wales, as the duke’s eldest son, inherits the title the Duke of Edinburgh.
However, on Charles’s eventual accession to the throne, the title will merge with the crown and can be regranted anew to Edward.
The Duke of Edinburgh’s (left) title will eventually pass on to his youngest son, Prince Edward (right)
The title will merge with the crown on Prince Charles’s eventual accession to the throne
The family agreed following Edward’s wedding 22 years ago that he would become Duke of Edinburgh in due course, but only following the death of both his grandparents.
A title held by someone who becomes monarch is said to merge with the Crown and ceases to exist, so can be recreated for someone else.
The decision to give Edward the title was taken in recognition of his work with, and commitment to, the Duke of Edinburgh’s Award – of which he is a trustee, as well as chairman of The Duke of Edinburgh’s International Award.
Edward’s wife the Countess of Wessex will eventually become the Duchess of Edinburgh – a courtesy title which was held by the Queen.
Philip was the sixth person – including two Dukes of Gloucester and Edinburgh – to bear the title the Duke of Edinburgh.
The first was George I’s grandson Prince Frederick, later the Prince of Wales, for whom the title was first created in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1726.
George VI gave Philip the titles of the Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich in the Peerage of the United Kingdom shortly before his marriage to Princess Elizabeth on November 20 1947.
Philip’s great-great-uncle, Prince Alfred Ernest Albert, fourth child and second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, was also a Duke of Edinburgh in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.