Legendary Texas Ranch owned by oil dynasty for 152 years on sale for $192m after death of heiress

A legendary Texas ranch is on the market for $192.2 million after the death of its heiress owner Anne Marion. 

The 6666 ranch between Lubbock and Dallas with over 142,000 acres, has been owned by Marion’s family for 150 years and is one of the biggest in the United states.  

It is renowned for breeding horses and its owners the Burnett family made its fortune in cattle and oil after founding the ranch in 1870. 

It was bought by Samuel Burk Burnett who went on to became ‘one of the most influential and prosperous cattlemen in the history of Texas’ after starting with 100 head of cattle that he branded ‘6666’. 

The listing marks the first time in the ranch’s history that it has been put on the market.

The ranch, in Guthrie, Texas, was owned by Anne Marion, 81, for 40 years after she inherited it from her great-grandfather. She died of lung cancer in February this year.  

Former President George W. Bush described her as ‘a true Texan, a great patron of the arts, a generous member of our community and a person of elegance and strength’ in a statement. 

The legendary '6666' Texas ranch is on the market for $192.2 million after the death of its owner oil heiress Anne Marion

The legendary '6666' Texas ranch is on the market for $192.2 million after the death of its owner oil heiress Anne Marion

The legendary ‘6666’ Texas ranch is on the market for $192.2 million after the death of its owner oil heiress Anne Marion

The estate, with over 142,000 acres, has been owned by Marion's family for 152 years. The listing marks the first time in the ranch's history that it has been put on the market

The estate, with over 142,000 acres, has been owned by Marion's family for 152 years. The listing marks the first time in the ranch's history that it has been put on the market

The estate, with over 142,000 acres, has been owned by Marion’s family for 152 years. The listing marks the first time in the ranch’s history that it has been put on the market

The cattle division of the property consists of over 4,000 cows, 200 bulls and several hundred heifers - cows which have not yet had a calf

The cattle division of the property consists of over 4,000 cows, 200 bulls and several hundred heifers - cows which have not yet had a calf

The cattle division of the property consists of over 4,000 cows, 200 bulls and several hundred heifers – cows which have not yet had a calf

The 6666 ranch became renowned for its breeding of world-class American quarter horses, known for being much faster than other breeds

The 6666 ranch became renowned for its breeding of world-class American quarter horses, known for being much faster than other breeds

 The 6666 ranch became renowned for its breeding of world-class American quarter horses, known for being much faster than other breeds

The Ranch was founded by Samuel Burk Burnett left, in 1870.

The Ranch was founded by Samuel Burk Burnett left, in 1870.

The ranch, in Guthrie, Texas, was owned by Anne Marion, 81, for 40 years after she inherited it from her great-grandfather. She died of lung cancer in February this year.

The ranch, in Guthrie, Texas, was owned by Anne Marion, 81, for 40 years after she inherited it from her great-grandfather. She died of lung cancer in February this year.

Dynasty: The Ranch was founded by Samuel Burk Burnett left, in 1870. He went on to be one of the richest cattlemen in Texas. His great granddaughter  Anne Marion, 81, inherited it. She died of lung cancer in February this year.

WHO WAS ANNE MARION? 

Anne Marion was a prominent Texas rancher, oil heiress and patron of the arts who helped fund the Georgia O’Keefe Museum in Sante Fe, New Mexico. 

Born Anne Burnett Hall, on Nov. 10, 1938, in Fort Worth, Marion represented the fourth generation of the renowned Burnett family.

Her father, James Goodwin Hall, was a stockbroker, pilot and horse breeder. Her mother, Anne Valliant Hall, was a rancher and horse breeder. 

She grew up in Fort Worth and in Guthrie, in northern Texas, where the Four Sixes ranch is headquartered.

Just like her mother, she would marry four times. The first three marriages ended in divorce before she married John Marion in 1988.

Their marriage came eight years after Marion inherent the Four Sixes ranch in 1980, following her mother’s death.  

Anne Marion died on February 11, 2020 in Palm Springs, California, from throat cancer. 

She is survived by her husband, John, her daughter, Anne Windfohr Grimes, four stepchildren, one grandchild and seven step-grandchildren. 

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Marion was a former trustee of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. She and her husband John Marion, a chief auctioneer in New York, established the Georgia O’Keeffe Museum in Santa Fe in 1997. 

The heiress married four times – the first three marriages ended in divorce. She married Mr Marion in 1988. 

She is also survived by her daughter Windi Grimes, the great-great-granddaughter of old Burk Burnett who founded the ranch in 1870.    

Burnett, who started out herding his father’s cattle along the Chisholm Trail to Kansas, ended up running an operation which owned some 20,000 livestock in Texas, Oklahoma and even Mexico.

The ‘four sixes’ were the brand name worn by the 100 cattle that Burnett bought from a Mr Frank Crowley in 1868 – although there has long been an apocryphal tale that Burnett chose the name in honor of a winning poker hand, which the family has long denied. 

Burnett befriended President Theodore Roosevelt and turned the 6666 into ‘one of the largest cattle empires in Texas history’ – even having a local town renamed Burkburnett at Roosevelt’s suggestion in 1910.  

His friendship with Roosevelt – who once went wolf-hunting with Burnett and a group of cowboys – also helped Burnett to secure a two-year exemption when part of his 300,000-acre territory was turned over back to Native Americans.  

When oil was discovered in Burkburnett in 1918, Burnett saw his wealth increase even further – with 56 oil rigs swiftly installed to exploit the land’s resources. 

Within a short time, Burkburnett had become ‘the world’s wonder oilfield’, transforming the area from a ‘sleepy farm town’ into a ‘boom town’ which even helped to inspire a Hollywood movie of the same name. 

Burnett became president of the Ardmore Oil Milling and Gin Company and expanded his property empire further by buying land in Fort Worth. 

Burnett’s father-in-law, the banker Martin B. Loyd – whose daughter Ruth married the rancher when he was 20 – also named Burnett to his First National Bank of Fort Worth.  

The couple had three children together, two of whom died young. Only their son Tom lived on to have a family and build his own ranching business. 

Burnett and Ruth later divorced, and he married Mary Couts Barradel in 1892. They had one son, Burk Burnett, Jr., who died in 1917.

Five years later, in 1922, Burnett Sr. would die too, aged 73. At the time  of his death his wealth was estimated to be $6million, which is roughly the equivalent of nearly $100million today. 

As one of the largest ranches in Texas, it runs 20 miles long and around 12 miles wide

As one of the largest ranches in Texas, it runs 20 miles long and around 12 miles wide

As one of the largest ranches in Texas, it runs 20 miles long and around 12 miles wide

The ranch also features multiple barns, pen areas and stalls for the horses. The pastures on the property range from around 900 acres to almost 10,000 acres each.

The ranch also features multiple barns, pen areas and stalls for the horses. The pastures on the property range from around 900 acres to almost 10,000 acres each.

The ranch also features multiple barns, pen areas and stalls for the horses. The pastures on the property range from around 900 acres to almost 10,000 acres each. 

There are two bunk houses, several horse sheds and a shop building. There is also a round pen, dog kennel, two laborer houses and about 20 employee houses

There are two bunk houses, several horse sheds and a shop building. There is also a round pen, dog kennel, two laborer houses and about 20 employee houses

There are two bunk houses, several horse sheds and a shop building. There is also a round pen, dog kennel, two laborer houses and about 20 employee houses

Over 140,000 acres of the ranch has been left untouched and various rivers run through the property.

Over 140,000 acres of the ranch has been left untouched and various rivers run through the property.

Over 140,000 acres of the ranch has been left untouched and various rivers run through the property.

The former estate features ‘the finest ranch house in West Texas’ which was built in 1917 – the stately home which still stands tall on the property.

There have been a number of famous guests to visit the property, including Roosevelt, Wild West actor Will Rogers and the Indian Chief Quanah Parker. 

As well as beef, the the ranch also became renowned for its breeding of horses, specifically American Quarter Horses used as racehorses or for ranch work. Two-time world champion ‘Dash for Cash’ was reared at the property. 

Burnett’s father-in-law put up loans to buy racehorses, which were seen as a status symbol at the time, and his initial – L for Loyd – is still used on Burnett-branded horses today.   

When Burnett died in 1922, he passed most of his estate to his daughter Anne Burnett in a trusteeship for her yet unborn child who became Anne Marion, according to the property listing.    

The younger Anne – sometimes known as ‘little Anne’ to distinguish her from her mother – inherited the estate when her mother died in 1980, having spent her childhood summers at the ranch.   

‘The most important thing that ever happened to me was growing up on that ranch,” Marion said in an online family history, according to The New York Times. ‘It kept my feet on the ground more than anything else.’  

As well as the O’Keeffe museum in New Mexico, which grew from having 50 paintings when it opened in 1997 to some 2,500 items today, Marion was also a benefactor of the Fort Worth Museum of Modern Art in Texas.  

But now that Marion has died, the ranch is being sold under the terms of her will.  

The 'Big House' built by Marion's great grandfather in 1917, has over 13,000 square feet of living area

The 'Big House' built by Marion's great grandfather in 1917, has over 13,000 square feet of living area

The ‘Big House’ built by Marion’s great grandfather in 1917, has over 13,000 square feet of living area

The interior of the house features a reception room with stone walls and wooden furniture

The interior of the house features a reception room with stone walls and wooden furniture

The interior of the house features a reception room with stone walls and wooden furniture

The home contains 13 bedrooms, 13 baths, three powder rooms, two kitchens, dining room and three fireplaces.

The home contains 13 bedrooms, 13 baths, three powder rooms, two kitchens, dining room and three fireplaces.

The home contains 13 bedrooms, 13 baths, three powder rooms, two kitchens, dining room and three fireplaces.

A large wooden table can be seen in the dining room of the 'Big House' at the ranch Headquarters

A large wooden table can be seen in the dining room of the 'Big House' at the ranch Headquarters

A large wooden table can be seen in the dining room of the ‘Big House’ at the ranch Headquarters

The large dining room is beautifully lit and lights up the large wooden table

The large dining room is beautifully lit and lights up the large wooden table

The large dining room is beautifully lit and lights up the large wooden table 

The estate features 'the finest ranch house in West Texas' which was built in 1917 - the stately home which still stands tall on the property

The estate features 'the finest ranch house in West Texas' which was built in 1917 - the stately home which still stands tall on the property

The estate features ‘the finest ranch house in West Texas’ which was built in 1917 – the stately home which still stands tall on the property

There have been a number of famous guests to visit the property, including US President Franklin Roosevelt, Wild West actor Will Rogers and the Indian Chief Quanah Parker

There have been a number of famous guests to visit the property, including US President Franklin Roosevelt, Wild West actor Will Rogers and the Indian Chief Quanah Parker

There have been a number of famous guests to visit the property, including US President Franklin Roosevelt, Wild West actor Will Rogers and the Indian Chief Quanah Parker

Pictures of Anne Marion with her family and workers at the Ranch are placed along the corridor at the property

Pictures of Anne Marion with her family and workers at the Ranch are placed along the corridor at the property

Pictures of Anne Marion with her family and workers at the Ranch are placed along the corridor at the property

The estate features a large kitchen for people who work at the ranch.

The estate features a large kitchen for people who work at the ranch.

The estate features a large kitchen for people who work at the ranch.

As one of the largest ranches in Texas, it runs 20 miles long and around 12 miles wide. Over 140,000 acres of the ranch has been left untouched and various rivers run through the property.   

The lower valley areas of the property have a variety of trees including soapberry, willows and hackberry.

The ranch also features multiple barns, pen areas and stalls for the horses. The pastures on the property range from around 900 acres to almost 10,000 acres each.   

The home contains 13 bedrooms, 13 baths, three powder rooms, two kitchens, dining room and three fireplaces. 

The estate also features the famous loft barn, which provided the backdrop for Marlboro cigarette adverts in the 1960s and ’70s. 

There are two bunk houses, several horse sheds and a shop building. There is also a round pen, dog kennel, two laborer houses and about 20 employee houses. 

In addition, the property features a 3,600 square foot enclosed airplane hanger as a private landing strip.   

In the Horse Division, a 17,000 square foot main office building stands tall next to various properties including three stables, and various barns for the horses. There is also a new 48,750 square foot covered arena.  

There is also a new 48,750 square foot covered arena for the horses in the ranch's new Horse Division

There is also a new 48,750 square foot covered arena for the horses in the ranch's new Horse Division

There is also a new 48,750 square foot covered arena for the horses in the ranch’s new Horse Division 

The estate also features the famous loft barn, which provided the backdrop for Marlboro cigarette adverts in the 1960s and '70s

The estate also features the famous loft barn, which provided the backdrop for Marlboro cigarette adverts in the 1960s and '70s

The estate also features the famous loft barn, which provided the backdrop for Marlboro cigarette adverts in the 1960s and ’70s

In addition, the property features a 3,600 square foot enclosed airplane hanger as a private landing strip

In addition, the property features a 3,600 square foot enclosed airplane hanger as a private landing strip

In addition, the property features a 3,600 square foot enclosed airplane hanger as a private landing strip

Pictured is one of the stables for the award-winning horses living at the ranch in Texas

Pictured is one of the stables for the award-winning horses living at the ranch in Texas

Pictured is one of the stables for the award-winning horses living at the ranch in Texas

In the Horse Division, a 17,000 square foot main office building stands tall next to various properties including three stables, and various barns for the horses.

In the Horse Division, a 17,000 square foot main office building stands tall next to various properties including three stables, and various barns for the horses.

In the Horse Division, a 17,000 square foot main office building stands tall next to various properties including three stables, and various barns for the horses.

The horses are looked after by workers at the ranch and there are a number of training pens on the property

The horses are looked after by workers at the ranch and there are a number of training pens on the property

The horses are looked after by workers at the ranch and there are a number of training pens on the property

Historically, the range has operated as a cattle ranch but in recent years it added the Horse Division which is a major aspect of the estate

Historically, the range has operated as a cattle ranch but in recent years it added the Horse Division which is a major aspect of the estate

Historically, the range has operated as a cattle ranch but in recent years it added the Horse Division which is a major aspect of the estate

Pictured: a supply house on the property. The cattle division of the property consists of over 4,000 cows, 200 bulls and several hundred heifers - cows which have not yet had a calf.

Pictured: a supply house on the property. The cattle division of the property consists of over 4,000 cows, 200 bulls and several hundred heifers - cows which have not yet had a calf.

Pictured: a supply house on the property. The cattle division of the property consists of over 4,000 cows, 200 bulls and several hundred heifers – cows which have not yet had a calf.

The animals are not short of space - the cattle roam around 135,000 acres of the ranch whilst the horse division operates around 10,000 acres of the property.

The animals are not short of space - the cattle roam around 135,000 acres of the ranch whilst the horse division operates around 10,000 acres of the property.

The animals are not short of space – the cattle roam around 135,000 acres of the ranch whilst the horse division operates around 10,000 acres of the property.

Historically, the range has operated as a cattle ranch but in recent years it added the Horse Division which is a major aspect of the estate. 

The cattle division of the property consists of over 4,000 cows, 200 bulls and several hundred heifers – cows which have not yet had a calf. 

The animals are not short of space – the cattle roam around 135,000 acres of the ranch whilst the horse division operates around 10,000 acres of the property. 

In addition to the cattle and horse operation, the 6666’s Ranch is located in an area offering outstanding whitetail deer hunting, quail, dove, feral hogs and predators, such as coyotes and an occasional mountain lion.

The 6666’s Ranch is located in an area offering outstanding whitetail deer hunting, quail, dove, feral hogs and predators, such as coyotes and an occasional mountain lion

The 6666’s Ranch is located in an area offering outstanding whitetail deer hunting, quail, dove, feral hogs and predators, such as coyotes and an occasional mountain lion

The 6666’s Ranch is located in an area offering outstanding whitetail deer hunting, quail, dove, feral hogs and predators, such as coyotes and an occasional mountain lion

The property also features minerals with one-quarter of the minerals being offered with the sale of the ranch along with all solar and wind rights. The cattle, horses, and equipment are available to be purchased separately.

Sam Middleton of Chas. S. Middleton and Son has the rare listing. 

‘This historic property was established 150 years ago and only about once in a lifetime does a ranch of this scale and significance come on the market,’ Middleton said. 

‘This is a rare opportunity to own a great piece of Texas history.’

Link hienalouca.com

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