Drinking one fewer sugary drink a day can cut the risk of diabetes by up to 10 percent, according to a new study.
Researchers found that people who increase their consumption of soft drinks, as well as 100 percent fruit juices, were at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
But swapping for diet sodas or artificially sweetened drinks did not lessen the risk, according to the findings published online by the journal Diabetes Care.
The study is the first to look at whether long-term changes in drinking soft drinks are linked with type 2 diabetes risk.
Drinking one serving of soda a day increases diabetes risks by 18 percent – but substituting one non-sugary drink can cut risks by to to 10 percent, Harvard scientists said (file)
It’s an often cited – and repeated – study finding, that drinking soda increases the risk of an early death.
Yet as recently as 2012, nearly half of Americans drank the sweet beverages on a daily basis.
High sugar intake is bad for the body in a number of ways, fueling the development of obesity and, therefore, heart disease, as well as contributing substantially to the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
An estimated 30.3 million Americans have type 2 diabetes, and many more are at risk of developing the disease, which shortens life expectancy and may lead to additional chronic health problems later in life.
Study lead author Dr Jean-Philippe Drouin-Chartier, a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University, said: ‘The study provides further evidence demonstrating the health benefits associated with decreasing sugary beverage consumption and replacing these drinks with healthier alternatives like water, coffee, or tea.’
The study looked at more than 20 years’ worth of data from more than 192,000 men and women participating in long-term studies.
Researchers found if participants’ sugary drinks decreased, they were a lot healthier.
The study found increasing total sugary drink intake by just four ounces a day over a four-year period was associated with 16 percent higher diabetes risk in the following four years.
If participants replaced one daily sugary drink with water, coffee or tea – and not a diet soda – was linked with two percent to 10 percent lower risk of diabetes.
The study’s findings suggest that every soda or deceptively health-seeming fruit juice we drink contributes to cumulative diabetes risks.
That’s because as
Study senior author Professor Frank Hu added: ‘The study results are in line with current recommendations to replace sugary beverages with noncaloric beverages free of artificial sweeteners.
‘Although fruit juices contain some nutrients, their consumption should be moderated.’