Boris Johnson’s hopes for a snap election were crushed by Jeremy Corbyn and Remainer rebels tonight – hours after MPs passed a law to rule out No Deal.
Having endured a torrid day including struggling in his first PMQs, Mr Johnson looks to be cornered after his bid to take the country to take the polls was voted down.
The PM fell far short of securing the agreement of two-thirds of the Commons, with Mr Corbyn blocking the move ordering his troops to abstain. Just 298 MPs backed a poll, compared to the 434 he needed for victory.
The result and the legislation looks to have left Mr Johnson facing disaster, as he is unable to secure Brexit and unable to call an election to get a mandate.
His only hope appears to be an extraordinary civil war erupting on Labour’s front bench about whether it should support a poll next week, after the law against No Deal has been finalised and put on the statute book.
A weary-looking Mr Johnson tried to put a brave face on the dire situation after the vote was declared in the House. ‘Forty eight hours ago he was leading the chants of ”stop the coup, let the people vote”, now he is saying ”stop the election and stop the people from voting”.
‘I think he has become the first Leader of the Opposition in the democratic history of our country to refuse the invitation to an election.
‘I can only speculate as to the reasons behind his hesitation, the obvious conclusion is, I’m afraid, that he does not think he will win.
‘I urge his colleagues to reflect on the unsustainability of this position overnight and in the course of the next few days.’
Mr Corbyn suggested today that Labour would be happy to trigger an election after the rebel law receives Royal Assent and goes on the statute book, expected to be this weekend. That would just about give time for Parliament to be dissolved for an October 15 vote.
‘Let this bill pass and gain royal assent then we will back an election so we do not crash out with a no-deal exit from the EU,’ Mr Corbyn said.
But shadow Brexit secretary Sir Keir Starmer told MPs this afternoon that an extension would need to be agreed with the EU before a poll is called. He said Labour would ‘ensure that we do not leave the EU with No Deal’, adding: ‘That requires the passing and implementation of this act.’
Shadow foreign secretary Emily Thornberry has also said she believes the election should not be called for ‘a few weeks’.
Earlier, the rebel legislation made it through a third reading, its final Commons stage, by 329 to 300.
Meanwhile, former chancellor Ken Clarke, who was expelled from the Tories for rebelling, delivered an astonishing tirade at ‘disingenuous’ Mr Johnson in the Commons demanding that he stop ‘playing games’ on Brexit.
Boris Johnson (left) said the ‘country must decide’ after the Remainer legislation was passed by the Commons. Jeremy Corbyn (right) said Labour would be happy to trigger a poll after the rebel law goes on to the statute book, expected to be this weekend – but he has been contradicted by members of his own shadow cabinet
The legislation made it through third reading stage by 327 to 299 – bigger than the 27 majority secured by rebels last night
Presenting rebel legislation designed to stop the UK crashing out, Labour’s Hilary Benn (pictured right) said the longer the delay for ‘jumping off the cliff’ the better. Philip Hammond (left) swiped at Boris Johnson for his ‘mass purge’ of rebels
An alliance of Remainer rebels is trying to force through legislation that would rule out No Deal – thwarting his ‘do or die’ vow to take the UK out of the EU by Halloween
Keir Starmer (pictured centre today) seemed to confirm in the chamber this evening that a Brexit extension would need to be in place before a poll, saying Labour would ‘ensure that we do not leave the EU with No Deal’
Earlier, a Remainer alliance took control of the Commons and started pushing through a law despite his warning that it ‘wrecks’ his negotiating position.
MPs backed the rebel Bill by a margin of 327 to 299 at third reading that orders him to beg the EU for a Brexit delay until January if a deal has not been agreed by October 19. It will now go to the Lords, where rebels expect a rougher ride.
Immediately after the stinging result, Mr Johnson insisted it had ‘ended the negotiations’. He repeated his his mantra that he will never ask Brussels for an extension, and would rather go to the country on October 15.
‘The country must now decide whether the Leader of the Opposition or I go to those negotiations in Brussels on the October 17 to sort this out,’ he said.
‘Because everybody will know that if [Mr Corbyn] were to go there, were to be the prime minister, he would beg for an extension, he would accept whatever Brussels demands and we would then have years more dither and delay.
What are Boris Johnson’s options to keep his ‘do or die’ Brexit vow?
Boris Johnson appears to be quickly running out of options after Remainers moved on him.
The PM had been using the threat of No Deal on October 31 as leverage in negotiations with the EU.
But rebel legislation is now progressing through Parliament that would force him to beg the EU for a delay of at least three months if no agreement is reached by October 19.
Mr Johnson has already failed to block the law, despite taking the extraordinary step of deselecting 21 rebel Tory MPs – including eight former Cabinet ministers.
Having lost control over Parliament, he has declared that he needs a new mandate from the public in an election.
He tried promising the poll would happen on October 15 – leaving plenty of time for a new government to avoid No Deal if it wanted to.
But Remainers do not trust him to stick to the date once they have voted for an election.
Jeremy Corbyn gave Mr Johnson a glimmer of hope tonight by suggesting Labour will vote for an election after the rebel legislation gets Royal Assent – potentially on Monday. That would just about leave time for an October 15.
However, Mr Corbyn’s front bench looks to be plunging into civil war over the issue.
Shadow Brexit secretary Keir Starmer told MP earlier that a poll should not be triggered until after a Brexit extension has been granted by the EU. That would require Mr Johnson to beg Brussels, and potentially push the date back well into November.
Similarly, shadow foreign secretary Emily Thornberry said the election should not be called for a ‘few weeks’.
If the Remain-minded faction wins out, Mr Johnson will really be in a corner. There does not appear to be any plausibly legal option open to him to force an election.
Some believe his only course could be to see the Queen and tender his resignation. Once it was clear neither Mr Corbyn nor anyone else can command a majority in the House, an election would have to be called.
‘He has demanded an election for two years while blocking Brexit… is he now going to say that the public cannot be allowed an election to decide which of us sorts out this mess?’
However, Mr Johnson’s continuing tough talk could not disguise his increasingly grim plight, with the motion calling a poll doomed to fail tonight. He needs agreement from two-thirds of the Commons and Labour has already said it will abstain.
The legislation would require the PM to seek a three month extension from the EU if no deal has been agreed by October 19. He would have to accept immediately if those terms were granted by the bloc, and accept within two days if they set other conditions.
The premier could only refuse an extension if there was a vote in the Commons authorising him to do so.
Introducing the Bill, Mr Benn told the Commons that passing it was not enough. ‘It needs to be given effect,’ he said. ‘In other words, we must in my opinion secure that extension to Article 50, otherwise there is a risk that the election would result in us leaving without a deal.’
Meanwhile, former chancellor Philip Hammond and veteran Sir Nicholas Soames – who were both expelled from the Conservative Party for joining the No Deal rebellion last night – spoke in support of the measure.
Mr Hammond lashed out at Mr Johnson’s ‘mass purge’ of moderate MPs, and dismissed the PM’s claim he was helping Mr Corbyn, saying he would rather ‘boil my head’ than assist the hard-left Labour leader.
Earlier, Mr Johnson blasted Mr Corbyn for ‘dithering’ and plotting a ‘surrender’ to the EU.
Taking his first PMQs, a furious Mr Johnson branded Mr Corbyn a ‘chlorinated chicken’ for refusing to agree to a poll on October 15 and said he ‘used to be a democrat’.
Channelling Margaret Thatcher’s famous taunt to opponents, Mr Johnson said: ‘Is he frit?’
At one point the premier also turned the air blue in the chamber by claiming the Opposition’s economic strategy was ‘sh** or bust’.
Meanwhile, the Labour leader was jeered by Tory MPs as he accused the PM of trying to ‘avoid scrutiny’.
SNP Westminster leader Ian Blackford said his party also wanted anti-No Deal legislation passed before an election. But Nicola Sturgeon swiped that she did not believe Mr Corbyn ‘wants an election at all’.
Mr Johnson is facing more massive showdowns in Parliament today as a rebel alliance tries to force through legislation that would rule out No Deal – thwarting his ‘do or die’ vow to take the UK out of the EU by Halloween.
He has also called a vote tonight on holding a snap election so the ‘people can decide’ after Remainers seized control of Commons business.
But the premier – who struggled at times during the PMQs session as he was berated over his Brexit stance – needs agreement from two-thirds of the House to trigger a national ballot.
And despite spending years demanding an election, Mr Corbyn has insisted he will stop one happening until legislation has been passed guaranteeing that the UK cannot crash out.
The decision – described as the ‘mother of all U-turns’ by ministers – leaves the country in limbo, with Mr Johnson now unable to control the House – but also powerless to return to the electorate.
The premier gathered his Cabinet in Downing Street this morning as they frantically try to plot a way through the burgeoning crisis.
The latest shocking developments began when Mr Johnson lost a crunch vote at around 10pm, giving a rebel alliance control of Commons business with the aim of passing a law to stop the UK crashing out of the EU at the end of October, by an unexpectedly large margin of 328 to 301.
Some 21 Tory MPs – including eight former Cabinet ministers – defied threats of deselection to side with the Opposition over Brexit.
The politicians, including veteran Ken Clarke and Winston Churchill’s grandson Sir Nicholas Soames, have now been brutally axed from the Conservatives, effectively ending their careers.
Channelling Margaret Thatcher’s famous taunt to opponents, Boris Johnson demanded to know whether Jeremy Corbyn was ‘frit’ of a snap election
In a barrage of stinging jibes, Mr Johnson branded Mr Corbyn a ‘chlorinated chicken’ and said he ‘used to be a democrat’
The Labour leader was jeered by Tory MPs as he accused the Prime Minister of trying to ‘avoid scrutiny’ in the Commons
The rebel legislation and the PM’s bid to force an early general election are both on the Commons order paper today
But the tough move means Mr Johnson’s numbers in the Commons are disastrously low, far short of an overall majority and completely unsustainable.
PM brands Jeremy Corbyn ‘big girl’s blouse’ over election block
Boris Johnson called Jeremy Corbyn a ‘great big girl’s blouse’ and was described as a racist for his comments on Islamic dress as he faced a testing debut at Prime Minister’s Questions.
The exchanges came just hours after MPs voted to seize control of the order paper, raising the likelihood of a delay to Brexit and prompting the PM to threaten a general election.
As the two leaders debated at the despatch box, Mr Corbyn attacked the PM over his plans to prorogue Parliament, claiming Mr Johnson is ‘absolutely desperate to avoid scrutiny’.
In response, Mr Johnson threw up his arms and seemed to call out: ‘Call an election, you great big girl’s blouse.’
Shortly afterwards, Labour MP Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi stood to condemn Mr Johnson for his ‘derogatory and racist remarks’ in a column for the Daily Telegraph, in which he described some Muslim women as ‘letter boxes’.
An angry Mr Dhesi gestured around the Commons and asked: ‘Mr Speaker, if I decide to wear a turban, or you decide to wear a cross, or he decides to wear a kippah or a skull cap, or she decides to wear a hijab or burka, does that mean that it is open season for right honourable members of this House to make divisive and derogatory remarks about our appearance?’
After calling on the PM to apologise for the column, Mr Dhesi received a round of applause from many in the chamber.
Mr Johnson responded by saying his column had been a ‘strong, liberal defence… of everybody’s right to wear whatever they want in this country’.
He added: ‘I speak as somebody who is not only proud to have Muslim ancestors but to be related to Sikhs such as himself.’
At a combative PMQs session, Mr Johnson said he own strategy was to get a Brexit deal by the EU summit on October 17.
He added: ‘What his surrender bill would do is wreck any chance of the talks and we don’t know his strategy at all.
‘He’s asking for mobs and Momentum activists to paralyse the traffic in his name.
‘What are they supposed to chant? What is the slogan? ”What do we want? Dither and delay. When do want it? We don’t know.”
‘That’s his policy. Can he confirm now that he will allow the people of this country to decide on what he is giving up in their name with a general election on October 15 – or is he frit?’
The PM listed his plans for police, the NHS and the economy before highlighting comments by shadow education secretary Angela Rayner.
Mr Johnson said: ‘The shadow education secretary says that their economic policy is, I quote Mr Speaker by your leave, ‘sh** or bust’.
‘I say it’s both, Mr Speaker.’
Mr Johnson faces an uphill battle to get his plan through the Commons tonight, as the law dictates that two-thirds of MPs must agree to hold an early election.
Mr Corbyn shouted at Mr Johnson across the despatch box last night: ‘He wants to table a motion for a general election, fine. Get the bill through first in order to take No Deal off the table.’
And shadow Brexit secretary Keir Starmer said during a round of interviews: ‘We are not voting for a general election today.
‘We are not dancing to Boris Johnson’s tune. If Johnson says the election will be on 15 October no one trusts him.’
Business minister Kwasi Kwarteng said Mr Corbyn was ‘perverse’ and ‘frightened’.
‘What is very clear to me is the leader of the opposition has said consistently that he wants a general election and it is perverse of him to say now that he doesn’t want one, and it appears to me he is rather frightened of a general election,’ he told Today.
Former chancellor Ken Clarke (circled) and others from the 21-strong gang who joined a stunning mutiny in the Commons last night were still positioned with the government today
Former Cabinet ministers David Gauke (standing) and Philip Hammond (second from left, centre row) were both sitting with their former colleagues in the chamber today
Mr Johnson tweeted today to underline his vow to secure Brexit by the end of October despite the Remainer revolt
‘We have had three years of this debate and we have gone round and round, and it may well be that a general election is the best way forward and the only way to solve the impasse.’
The staggering blow last night came in the first vote of Mr Johnson’s premiership. ‘Not a good start, Boris!’ shouted one Labour MP as the result came in.
Jeremy Corbyn’s U-turn: How Labour leader changed his tune on a general election
Jeremy Corbyn has been consistently demanding a general election for years.
But now the opportunity has arisen, he suddenly does not seem so keen.
September 2018, Twitter: ‘We need a General Election and I’m ready for it. Bring it on.’
November 2018, CBI speech: ‘If the Government cannot get its central policy through Parliament, then we will demand a general election.’
December 2018, Daily Mirror: ‘The Government is going to struggle. It may well resign. There may well be a general election. And I can’t wait.’
May 2019, Twitter: ‘Let the people decide our country’s future: we need a General Election now.’
September 2, 2019, speech in Salford: ‘When a government finds itself without a majority the solution is not to undermine democracy. The solution is to let the people decide, and call a general election.’
September 3, 2019, House of Commons: ‘Get the Bill through first in order to take No Deal off the table.’
And the punishment that follow for rebels was described by one government source as a ‘Remainer bloodbath’.
Former International Development Secretary Rory Stewart called the decision to throw him out of the party ‘astonishing’ and said it was something ‘you associate with other countries’ rather than Britain.
He received the news of his sacking as he was being given the GQ award for politician of the year.
‘It came by text,’ the Penrith and the Border MP told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme. ‘It was a pretty astonishing moment. Remember, only a few weeks ago I was running for the leadership of the Conservative Party against Boris Johnson and I was in the Cabinet. And it has all gone very quickly in six weeks.
‘It feels a little bit like something you associate with other countries – one opposes the leader, one loses the leadership race, no longer in the cabinet and now apparently thrown out of the party and one’s seat too.’
Mr Stewart said there were ’30 or 40′ other Tories who had been wanting to block No Deal but were cowed into backing the PM by the deselection threats.
Yesterday’s victory for pro-EU MPs came despite Mr Johnson threatening to end the careers of Tories who joined the revolt by deselecting them.
Speaking after the result, Mr Johnson said Parliament was ‘on the brink of wrecking’ the Brexit negotiations.
‘The people are going to have to choose,’ he said last night. ‘I can confirm tonight we are tabling a motion under the Fixed Term Parliaments Act.’
The scale of the Tory rebellion was larger than many had expected at Westminster, with the ‘aggressive’ government tactics failing to whittle down numbers.
Farage says Brexit election pact MUST happen as he praises PM
He told MailOnline he was increasingly confident there will be an arrangement saying Mr Johnson was ‘going in the right direction’.
But he again stressed that the premier must go for a ‘clean break’ from the EU rather than try to overhaul the Withdrawal Agreement.
Mr Farage said he was ‘massively impressed’ with the leadership Mr Johnson had shown by ejecting 21 Remainer rebels.
‘I didn’t think he would have the nerve, but he has done it,’ he said.
The combative attitude of Commons Leader Jacob Rees-Mogg during the debate on the business motion seemed to infuriate many who were wavering.
Former minister Guto Bebb said he believed Mr Rees-Mogg cost the government at least four votes.
‘There were at least four individuals who were still doubtful who changed their position to being supportive and voting with us on the back of Jacob’s performance,’ he told Sky News. ‘He was deemed to be arrogant, out of touch and I think the way in which he treated some of the interventions was a red rag to bull in many cases.’
The roll call of rebels included ex-Chancellor Mr Hammond, who has already vowed to fight efforts to deselect him, as well as former ministers Justine Greening and Alistair Burt – who both pre-empted their punishments earlier by announcing they would be standing down at the election.
Other Cabinet veterans were Sir Oliver Letwin, Dominic Grieve, Mr Clarke, Greg Clark, Rory Stewart, and Caroline Nokes. Sir Nicholas Soames, grandson of Winston Churchill, also rebelled.
A Downing Street spokesman said last night: ‘The Chief Whip is speaking with those Tory MPs who did not vote with the Government this evening. They will have the whip removed.’
A rebel source said No10 was ‘removing the whip from two former chancellors, a former lord chancellor and Winston Churchill’s grandson’.
‘What has has happened to the Conservative Party?’ they added.
Mr Johnson was spotted outside the Houses of Parliament with his maverick chief Brexit aide Dominic Cummings today
Pictured are the Tory rebels who are now facing the sack after voting against Boris Johnson. (Left to right top row) David Gauke, Alistair Burt, Stephen Hammond, Philip Hammond, Margot James, Ken Clarke and Caroline Nokes. (Left to right middle row) Rory Stewart, Anne Milton, Richard Harrington, Guto Bebb, Antoinette Sandbach, Sam Gyimah and Justine Greening. (Left to right bottom row) Richard Benyon, Steve Brine, Greg Clark, Dominic Grieve, Ed Vaizey , Nicholas Soames and Oliver Letwin
The bitter Tory civil war exploded after frantic developments yesterday including:
- Former Tory minister Phillip Lee dramatically stripped the government’s majority by crossing the floor of the chamber to defect to the Lib Dems while Mr Johnson was speaking;
- Mr Johnson was embroiled in a bitter clash with Mr Hammond during ‘peace talks’ at No10 during which he accused him of trying to ‘hand power over to a Junta that includes Jeremy Corbyn’;
- Nigel Farage said there will be no Brexit pact with the Tories unless Mr Johnson explicitly adopts No Deal as his policy;
- Opposition MPs applauded Speaker John Bercow as he ridiculed the Prime Minister ‘do or die’ pledge to secure Brexit by October 31;
- Downing Street delayed the planned election by a day after being warned that October 14 clashed with a Jewish holiday;
- Brexiteer peers tabled 90 amendments to the rebel Bill as they geared up to try and filibuster when it reaches the Upper House later this week;
After the result was declared in a hushed Commons chamber last night, a clearly angry PM rose to his feet to condemn the decision.
‘Let there be no doubt about the consequences of this vote tonight,’ he said.
‘It means that parliament is on the brink of wrecking any deal we might be able to strike in Brussels.
‘Because tomorrow’s Bill would hand control of the negotiations to the EU. And that would mean more dither, more delay, more confusion.
The 21 Tory rebels who are now facing the sack
Ex-Chancellor and bete noir of Brexiteers (pictured, right).
Points out he voted for the Withdrawal Agreement three times.
Leave vote: 50 per cent
Second referendum supporter who says he wants to ‘save the Tory party’ from Mr Johnson.
A QC, he has been legal brains behind much of opposition to No Deal.
Constituency: Beaconsfield. Leave vote: 49 per cent
Tory big beast, former Chancellor and, at 79, the ‘Father of the House of Commons’.
Has said he would vote to bring down Tory government to stop No Deal.
Constituency: Rushcliffe. Leave vote: 41 per cent
Sir Oliver Letwin
Gaffe-prone MP who was David Cameron’s policy chief.
Has argued that to stop No Deal MPs would have to take over the role of the government.
Constituency: West Dorset. Leave vote: 51 per cent
Ex-Justice Secretary and leader of the ‘Gaukeward Squad’ of rebels (right).
Accused the PM of a ‘purge’ for threatening to deselect rebels and of trying to turn the Conservatives into the Brexit Party.
Constituency: South West Hertfordshire. Leave vote: 46 per cent
Former Development Secretary who ran an enthusiastic, if futile, leadership bid. Tory Remainer pin-up.
Constituency: Penrith and the Border.Leave vote: 55 per cent
Sir Nicholas Soames
Sir Winston Churchill’s grandson (pictured, right).
Compared Brexiteers to a ‘growling Alsatian that must be kicked really hard in the balls’.
Constituency: Mid Sussex.
Leave vote: 46 per cent
The 6ft 4in MP longstanding rebel. Branded PM ‘staggeringly hypocritical’ for threatening to deselect rebels.
Leave vote: 52 per cent
Former Foreign Office minister who quit government in March after joining anti-No Deal rebels. Refused to rule out standing against Tories.
Constituency: North East Bedfordshire. Leave vote: 53 per cent
Quit as science minister in protest at Mrs May’s ‘naive’ deal and backed a second referendum.
Constituency: East Surrey.
Leave vote: 54 per cent
Ex-immigration minister who said yesterday her constituents ‘mean a whole lot more to me than keeping the Conservative whip’.
Leave vote: 46 per cent
Self-made millionaire who resigned as culture minister after rebelling against Mrs May to stop No Deal (pictured, right).
Constituency: Stourbridge. Leave vote: 64 per cent
Ex-defence minister who quit to stop No Deal. Is standing down at the election.
Leave vote: 52 per cent
Ex-business minister. Quit this year to stop No Deal and last week announced he would stand down as a Tory MP at the election.
Leave vote: 51 per cent
Ex-Education Secretary who will stand down at the next election (pictured, right).
Leave vote: 28 per cent
Spiky-haired Guildford MP. The rebels’ unofficial whip.
Leave vote: 41 per cent
Ex-member of May’s Cabinet who once told Business leaders ‘we can’t have No Deal’.
Constituency: Tunbridge Wells.
Leave vote: 45 per cent
Ex-Transport minister (right) and MP for a seat under threat from Lib Dems.
Leave vote: 29 per cent
A friend of David Cameron’s sacked as Arts Minister by Mrs May.
Leave vote: 46 per cent
Low-key ex-public health minister who quit government in March.
Leave vote: 40 per cent
Former Army lieutenant who served in Northern Ireland and the Far East and an ex-agriculture minister.
Constituency: Newbury. Leave vote: 48 per cent
‘And it would mean that the EU themselves would be able decide how long to keep this country In the EU.
And since I refuse to go along with that plan, we are going to have to make a choice.
‘I don’t want an election. The public don’t want an election. But if the House votes for this Bill tomorrow, the public will have to choose who goes to Brussels on Oct 17 to sort this out and take this country forward.’
Mr Corbyn said: ‘He wants to table a motion for a general election, fine.
‘Get the Bill through first in order to take no deal off the table.’
Dame Margaret Hodge and his shadow foreign secretary Emily Thornberry appeared to back his position.
Dame Margaret said: ‘I will not be supporting a snap general election because it is nothing more than a trap set by the most untrustworthy PM in living memory.
‘This is just part of Johnson’s ploy to get a No Deal Brexit over the line regardless of the disastrous consequences. We must reject it.’
Emily Thornberry then added: ‘There’s not going to be a general election tomorrow, because we’re not going to vote for it.’
But Labour backbencher John Mann was outraged, tweeting: ‘Oh these clever people. Let’s spit on the working class and a majority of the electorate. Stop Brexit.
‘Then ask them to vote us into power. We are dealing with people who don’t respect the views of the people.’
Earlier, sources close to shadow Brexit secretary Keir Starmer said the party was looking at ‘mechanisms’ that could bind the PM to a specific election date.
During another day of high drama in Westminster, former minister Phillip Lee crossed the floor in the Commons and joined the Lib Dems.
As the PM was struggling to defend his Brexit stance in the chamber, Dr Lee walked away from his colleagues and went to sit with Jo Swinson’s pro-EU party.
Kicking off the debate in Parliament yesterday, former Cabinet minister Sir Oliver Letwin insisted that the ‘threat’ of No Deal was not a ‘credible negotiating strategy’.
He said it was ‘decision time’ for MPs and they had to take their ‘last chance’ to stop the UK from crashing out.
‘Over the last six weeks the Government has not produced a single indication of any viable proposal to replace the backstop by any alternative likely to prove acceptable to the EU,’ Sir Oliver said.
‘The likelihood of the Government reaching a deal at the council meeting on October 17 and 18 on the terms the Government itself has set is accordingly slight.’
He warned this was the last week Parliament will have to block a no-deal exit on October 31, noting: ‘It’s decision time.
‘If MPs across the House want to prevent a no-deal exit on October 31 they will have the opportunity to do so if, but only if, they vote for this motion this evening.’
But Mr Rees-Mogg barely bothered to disguise his anger as he took to the despatch box, saying the business motion tonight was a ‘subversion of democracy’.
He also swiped viciously at the Speaker for bending procedures to permit the move.
Mr Bercow was applauded by the House as he boasted about bending Commons rules to trigger a crunch vote.
Amid fury from Eurosceptics, he insisted he would keep ‘facilitating the House of Commons’.
In a reference to Mr Johnson’s solemn ‘do or die’ pledge to secure Brexit by Halloween, he said:
‘I’ve done it, I am doing it, I will continue to do it to the best of my ability without fear or favour – to coin a phrase, come what may, do or die.’
In a statement yesterday, Dr Lee said the ‘party I joined in 1992 is not the party I am leaving today’.
‘This Conservative government is aggressively pursuing a damaging Brexit in unprincipled ways,’ he said.
Losing his overall majority is a symbolic blow to the PM, although in reality the Brexit issue has been splitting party loyalties to such an extent that the challenges he faces are the same.
However, Mr Johnson was defiant as he addressed MPs before the vote.
Attacking Remainer plans to seize control of the Commons and pass legislation ruling out No Deal, Mr Johnson said: ‘It is Jeremy Corbyn’s surrender bill.’
In a stinging barb about the concessions to Brussels he added: ‘They would be able to keep us in the EU for as long as they like and on their terms.’
Mr Johnson stressed that there will be ‘no further pointless delay’ to Brexit.
‘Enough is enough. The country wants this done and they want the referendum respected,’ he said.
‘We are negotiating a deal and though I am confident of getting a deal, we will leave by October 31 in all circumstances.’
Prior to the defection the PM had an effective majority of just one.
Dr Lee switching sides made it a minority government – although the premier can also rely on the support of Charlie Elphicke, who is currently suspended from the Tory whip.
The axing of another 21 MPs who rebelled takes the government a long way into the red.
Prior to the introduction of the Fixed Term Parliaments Act in 2011, it would have been impossible for a government to survive in such circumstances.
But Mr Johnson’s problem is that Remainers want to wound him, but fear allowing an election would give him an opportunity to force No Deal.
Earlier, the PM met senior rebels including Mr Hammond and Mr Gauke ahead of the crucial vote.
But the discussion quickly descended into acrimony, with government sources accusing Mr Hammond of behaving ‘disrespectfully’ and ‘chuntering’.
The premier accused the former chancellor during the encounter of ‘handing power to a Junta including Jeremy Corbyn’ by backing the anti-No Deal legislation.
Lib Dem leader Jo Swinson gloated about the new addition to her ranks. ‘Welcome @DrPhillipLeeMP – you have joined us at the most crucial time.
‘I look forward to working with you to prevent a disastrous Brexit, and to fight for a fairer, more equal society,’ she wrote on Twitter.
In a challenge to the PM, Mr Hammond was reselected in Runnymede and Weybridge by executive members of the Conservative Association at a private meeting on Monday night.
Earlier today he slammed the government’s ‘aggressive’ tactics, saying the PM will have the ‘fight of a lifetime’ if he tries to deselect him.
‘I am going to support the Bill… I think we have the numbers,’ he told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme.
He also launched an excoriating attack on maverick No10 Brexit chief Dominic Cummings.
‘This is my party, I am going to defend my party against people who are at the heart of this government who care nothing about the future of the Conservative party,’ he said.
Allies of the PM said the rest of the group were ‘civil’ and ‘respectful’ during the meeting with the PM, but Mr Hammond ‘interrupted’ and ‘chuntered’.
Mr Johnson is said to have made very clear that he ‘would not tolerate’ the Bill. Rebels have accused Mr Johnson of using the election to try and ‘purge’ Tory opponents of No Deal and turn the party into a Eurosceptic vehicle.
Lib Dem peer Lord Newby posted a picture of himself with a duvet as Remainers prepare to do battle with Brexiteers over the anti-No Deal legislation in the Upper House
Work and Pensions Secretary Amber Rudd yesterday warned against taking action against ‘very valued colleagues who made a very different choice’.
Bercow sparks confusion after saying anti-No Deal law will not require Queen’s consent
John Bercow sparked confusion in Westminster today after he said the anti-No Deal law being crashed through Parliament by opposition MPs would not need the Queen’s consent.
Some in Westminster misunderstood this to be the same as Royal Assent.
But they are two different things.
Queen’s consent refers to a fairly technical situation when a piece of legislation affects the interests of the Queen and she agrees to put those interests at the disposal of MPs.
Royal Assent is when the Queen formally agrees to make a bill which has successfully been through both the Commons and Lords into an Act of Parliament.
Mr Bercow told MPs this afternoon that he had consulted the Clerk of Legislation and other senior clerks and he was satisfied there was no requirement for the Queen’s consent for the anti-No Deal bill.
‘We should consider carefully the consequences of dividing the party. But I do support the PM in his commitment… to get a deal,’ she told reporters outside her London home.
To take effect the anti-No Deal legislation must clear all its Parliamentary stages and receive Royal Assent before the Houses prorogue for the party conference break – which is due to happen as early as next Monday.
In his appearance in yesterday afternoon, Mr Johnson conceded for the first time that he would be obliged to obey the law if it is passed.
‘We will of course uphold the constitution and obey the law,’ he said.
The primary aim of the so-called European Union (Withdrawal) (No.6) Bill 2019 is to stop the UK leaving the EU without a deal on October 31.
But it goes much further and demands the PM ask the EU for a Brexit delay to January 31 2020 in the event Britain and Brussels are unable to agree a new deal at an EU Council meeting on October 17.
The Bill states that if the EU does agree to the request for an extension the PM must immediately accept the offer.
If the EU propose a different extension date the PM must accept it within two days – unless it is rejected by the House of Commons.
The Bill does say that the UK can leave the bloc without a deal but only if MPs explicitly vote in favour of such an outcome.
Noisy pro-EU protests were taking place outside the Houses of Parliament as the political drama unfolded last night
What will Boris Johnson do TODAY? Can he still call an election for October 15? Why does Labour want to delay it. The latest answers to a baffling week
Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced that he will seek to trigger a snap general election after losing a crunch Brexit vote last night.
That means a vote will be held today on whether to have an election on October 15, and the Prime Minister needs Labour to agree for one to be held.
But Jeremy Corbyn has vowed to vote against holding an election until a law is passed blocking No Deal Brexit and delaying Britain’s exit from the EU.
A debate and vote will be held from 3pm this afternoon on whether to block No Deal Brexit, before a vote late tonight on whether to hold an election.
But what does it all mean?
What happens today after Boris Johnson lost control of the Commons?
Legislation put forward by the cross-party group will be debated today. It would require a delay to Brexit unless there was a deal or Parliament explicitly backed leaving the EU without one by October 19.
The snappily-titled European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 6) Bill 2019 is backed by former Cabinet minsters Philip Hammond and David Gauke, a sign of how the rebel ranks have been bolstered following the change in PM.
Under the terms of the Bill, the Government must ask the EU for a delay to Brexit until January 31, 2020 if no agreement has been reached and MPs have not agreed to a no-deal exit.
If the European Council proposes an extension to a different date then the PM must accept that extension within two days, unless the House of Commons rejects it.
What will happen then?
For the Bill to become law, it must clear all stages in the Commons before heading to the House of Lords for further scrutiny.
The process usually takes weeks, but it could be hurried through in as little as three days to be passed before Parliament is prorogued next week (sometime between September 9 to 12).
However this will not be straightforward: MPs could defeat the Bill, or peers could attempt to block its passage by talking it out, so-called filibustering.
Will there be an election?
Mr Johnson said he would seek to trigger a snap general election after losing the vote.
The motion would require the support of two-thirds of MPs under the provisions of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act (FTPA), but Labour indicated that they would not support the move until chances of a no-deal Brexit were taken off the table.
If the motion is tabled, it is likely this will be debated today.
While Labour’s refusal to back it would limit the likelihood of Mr Johnson’s motion succeeding, other avenues remain open to the PM to push for a poll – including triggering a confidence motion in his own Government.
What happens if the Prime Minister succeeds in calling an election?
If the election motion is successful, the PM then advises the Queen on the date.
There would usually be a short sitting period – a few days – to finalise outstanding legislation (known as the ‘wash up’) before dissolution.
Parliament dissolves 25 working days before an election date and campaigning would then begin for Britain’s third general election in four-and-a-half years.
When would we go to the polls?
Downing Street has indicated that the poll would take place on Monday, October 14, which would end an 84-year tradition of holding British general elections on Thursdays.
However, government sources revealed last night that the following day, Tuesday, October 15, might be better to avoid a clash with a key Jewish holiday.
The first day of Succot would prevent observant Jews from voting on this day because writing is prohibited. Although they still could have voted by post or proxy.
Boris Johnson (pictured) has promised to take Britain out by October 31 but suffered a blow last night as MPs will now have a chance to debate a Bill to block No Deal
What happens if Jeremy Corbyn blocks an election?
Mr Johnson would need a two-thirds majority to force an early election. That means Labour could thwart him by withholding support for the motion until their demands are met.
Labour could also try and find a parliamentary mechanism to make blocking No Deal a condition of an election, although the FTPA demands a particular wording.
However, blocking an election might be seen as an embarrassment for Mr Corbyn who has spent much of the last year demanding one.
In addition, the PM might be able to get around the ploy and call an election anyway by tabling new legislation, which would only need a simple majority.
As the FTPA has only been in place since 2011 there is little precedent for any of this.
If Mr Corbyn blocks an election, the Bill to block No Deal will continue its progress through Parliament, at least until it is suspended next week.
Does an election mean prorogation is wiped out?
Yes. If an election is called, the current Parliament would be dissolved entirely and replaced by a new one, not just suspended for five weeks. Prorogation would become irrelevant.
Will Boris Johnson still suspend Parliament?
If no election is called, yes. Parliament could be prorogued as early as Monday, based on the royal proclamation issued last month.
If the rebel legislation has not been passed by the time of prorogation, it is automatically wiped out.
Parliament will not sit again until October 14, after the party conferences.
What happens if Jeremy Corbyn (pictured at the dispatch box) blocks an election? Mr Johnson would need a two-thirds majority to force an early election. That means Labour could thwart him by withholding support for the motion until their demands are met.
Are there other ways the PM’s plans to prorogue could be thwarted?
The PM faces threats from many angles, with legal challenges coming in courts across the UK.
A cross-party group of MPs and peers who want to block Parliament’s suspension had a hearing of their application in Edinburgh on Tuesday.
On Thursday, the High Court will consider a judicial review request from Gina Miller, the businesswoman who successfully challenged the Government over the triggering of the Article 50 process to start the Brexit countdown. She, too, wants to challenge Mr Johnson’s suspension of Parliament.
And in Belfast, a judicial review against the Government by a campaigner arguing that no-deal could jeopardise the Northern Ireland peace process is scheduled for September 16.
Can Remainers ask the Queen not to suspend Parliament?
No. She has already approved it as she was bound to by the constitution.
She exercised her royal powers on the advice of her democratically accountable ministers, as is her role in Britain’s constitutional monarchy.
What happens after Parliament is suspended?
If Parliament is suspended next week as planned, rebel MPs cannot advance their plot any further for five weeks.
If their Bill has failed or is still pending, it will ‘die’ and have to be started again after the prorogation.
In the meantime, Mr Johnson will push for a deal from fellow European leaders in the hope of removing the backstop from the withdrawal deal negotiated by Theresa May.
MPs will then reconvene on October 14. First there will be a Queen’s Speech and ceremonial State Opening of Parliament.
Rebel MPs could make a second attempt to force a delay but their time would be extremely limited and there would be no more time to schedule an election before October 31.
Britain could go to the polls in mid-October in a crucial general election which could either allow the government to move forward with Brexit or delay proceedings even further (pro-Remain demonstrators on College Green yesterday)
Could there be a vote of no confidence?
Jeremy Corbyn has tried a no-confidence vote once already this year, when Theresa May was still PM. Mrs May won the vote by 325 to 306.
He appeared to put his plans for another vote on the back burner last week when he agreed to work with other opposition MPs to pass No Deal legislation.
Can the Queen refuse to allow an election?
No. If Parliament has voted for an election – which means two-thirds of MPs will have found something to agree on – then the Queen has no constitutional authority to stand in their way.
When will Britain leave the EU if there is no election and Remainers fail to block No Deal?
On October 31, Mr Johnson insists. If there is no election or legislation to stop him, he hopes to deliver on his repeated promises to get Britain out without a further delay.
The PM says that Britain will leave on October 31 with or without a deal with Brussels.
He could then seek an election at that point, to cash in on having delivered Brexit and try to win a stable majority. However, potential chaos resulting from No Deal might affect his government’s popularity.
If there is an election before October 31, when will Britain leave the EU?
That will depend on the election result. If Mr Johnson returns to Downing Street, especially if he wins a majority, he will see it as a public mandate to deliver Brexit on October 31 as he keeps promising to do.
If Jeremy Corbyn becomes PM, he is likely to ask for a further delay to Brexit and make his own attempt to renegotiate with Brussels.
He has also indicated that Labour will support a ‘public vote’ or second referendum on Brexit. This could be held next year.
Day the PM lost his majority: Red face for Boris as MP defects as he delivers statement
By Claire Ellicott, Political Correspondent for the Daily Mail
Tory MP Phillip Lee crossed the floor of the House to join the Liberal Democrats in dramatic fashion yesterday, wiping out Boris Johnson’s Commons majority.
The shock move – which Downing Street had no advance warning of – happened just hours before the Government lost the crunch Brexit vote by 328-301.
Before Dr Lee’s defection, Mr Johnson only had a working majority of one in the Commons thanks to his deal with the DUP. At a stroke, Dr Lee’s decision turned the Prime Minister’s administration into a minority government of minus one.
Dr Lee, MP for Bracknell, crossed the floor as Mr Johnson delivered a statement to MPs in the wake of the G7 summit yesterday
Lib Dem leader Jo Swinson (left) looked delighted as she sat alongside Phillip Lee (right) after he defected yesterday
Jacob Rees-Mogg takes a lie down in the Commons last night, as Anna Turley MP slammed him for ‘the physical embodiment of arrogance, entitlement, disrespect and contempt for our parliament’
The defection came just as Mr Johnson prepared to deliver a statement to MPs on the G7 summit, and hours before an alliance of Tory and Opposition MPs attempted to seize control of the Commons’ order paper to prevent a No Deal Brexit.
Farage says PM must vow ‘clean break’ Brexit
The MEP said he was ready to put ‘country before party’ and ‘help in any way we can’ if a snap poll is triggered.
But he warned that the PM seemed ‘intent on reheating
The intervention came after Mr Johnson pledged to call an election for October 14 if Remainers win a crunch vote last night aiming to block No Deal.
The PM said the move would ‘chop the legs off’ the goverment’s negotiating strategy, and warned he will never ask Brussels for an extension to the Halloween deadline.
But Tory success in a poll could rely on Mr Farage’s Brexit Party not splitting the Eurosceptic vote in key marginal seats.
The former justice minister, a prominent supporter of a second EU referendum, said the Government was ‘aggressively pursuing a damaging Brexit in unprincipled ways’.
‘It is putting lives and livelihoods at risk unnecessarily and it is wantonly endangering the integrity of the UK,’ he said in a statement.
Dr Lee, a qualified doctor, also said his decision was made after Commons Leader Jacob Rees-Mogg behaved ‘disgrace-fully’ to a fellow doctor during a radio-phone row over whether anyone might die as a result of a No Deal Brexit.
In his resignation letter to the Prime Minister, Dr Lee claimed Brexit had ‘helped to transform this once great party into something more akin to a narrow faction, where an individual’s ‘conservatism’ is measured by how recklessly one wishes to leave the EU’.
Dr Lee later hinted at further defections from the Tories, telling Sky News: ‘I guess the elevation of Boris Johnson to the Prime Minister’s position has accelerated events.
‘I don’t think that everybody who’s currently siting as a Conservative is going to be sitting as a Conservative after the next election.
‘Whether they join the Liberal Democrats or not, it’s an individual decision but I really wouldn’t be surprised if more come to this conclusion over the next few days.’
In his letter to the Prime Minister, Dr Lee also said the Tories had ‘become infected by the twin diseases of English nationalism and populism’.
He told BBC Radio 4’s PM the ‘bullying’ of MPs opposed to No Deal showed the ‘tone and culture’ of the Conservative Party had fundamentally changed, and he knew of other like-minded colleagues who were also considering their futures. Dr Lee’s decision to cross the floor was greeted with cheers on the opposition benches.
Former PM Theresa May positioned herself alongside Tory Remainer Ken Clarke for the statement yesterday and appeared to be enjoying Mr Johnson’s discomfort
But last night former Tory leader Iain Duncan-Smith criticised Dr Lee. ‘It looked like [Dr Lee] should be joining RADA [Royal Academy of Dramatic Art]… The whole thing was stage-managed,’ he said.
‘It’s pretty deceitful if you move from one party to the next, when the British people voted for you and you were supported by the Conservative Party, its money and its organisation.’
The MP’s defection wipes out the Tory-DUP majority, though suspended Dover MP Charlie Elphicke is expected to vote with the Government. It also brings the number of Lib Dem MPs to 15 after his fellow former Tory MP Sarah Wollaston joined the party last month.
Former ministers Justine Greening and Alistair Burt also said yesterday that they would not seek re-election as Conservatives in the next general election, expected in weeks.
And Tory MP Keith Simpson said he was stepping aside, though said it was to do with his turning 70, rather than Brexit. Announcing her decision to stand down as a Tory MP at the next election yesterday, Miss Greening, the former education secretary, said the Prime Minister was ‘narrowing down’ the Tories’ appeal to the public.
She vowed to support a rebel bill tabled by Labour’s Hilary Benn to force Mr Johnson to seek an extension to the Brexit deadline.
Second referendum-backer Miss Greening said her fears that the Tory Party would morph into Nigel Farage’s Brexit Party had ‘come to pass’.
The Conservative Party rebel told the BBC Radio 4 Today programme that the Prime Minister was offering the country a ‘lose-lose’ situation by threatening a general election.